카테고리 글 목록: 학술행사

2017년 제7차 언어학 콜로퀴엄(강윤정)

2017년 제7차 언어학 콜로퀴엄

발표자: 강윤정, 윤수연 (Univ. of Toronto)
일   시: 2017. 11. 10.(금) 오후 4시
장   소: 신양인문관 국제회의실(4-302)
제   목: Phonetic drift in the speech of North Koreans in Seoul: time of arrival and word-specific effects
초   록: In this talk, we report on the results of our study on the speech of Northern Hamkyeoung speakers residing in Seoul. The goal of the study is to examine to what extent adult North Korean speakers’ speech changes in their subtle phonetic characteristics due to the exposure to Seoul Korean and if such phonetic drift, if any, is modulated by word-specific effects, namely, whether words that are typically used in North vs. South pattern differently. These effects are predicted under the view that mental representations of speech sounds include word-specific phonetic details linked to episodic memories, which are constantly updated with exposure to new speech experience.

Production data are collected from 58 Hamkyeoung speakers who are currently residing in Seoul, balanced for the time of arrival (recent: 3 years) and age (young: 40yrs). Comparison data are also collected from 20 Seoul speakers. This talk will report on the analysis of two phonetic variables that are known to have different realizations in North vs. Seoul: (i) the degree of aspiration of stops (VOT) and (ii) the place of articulation of lenis affricates (COG).

2017년 제6차 언어학 콜로퀴엄(강초롱)

2017년 제6차 언어학 콜로퀴엄

발표자: 강초롱(University of Southern California)
일   시: 2017. 10. 23.(월) 오후 5시
장   소: 신양인문관 국제회의실(4-302)
제   목: Selection of copy for pronunciation
초   록: 첨부파일 참고

2017년 제5차 언어학 콜로퀴엄(송지은)

2017년 제5차 언어학 콜로퀴엄

발표자: 송지은(UCL)
일   시: 2017. 9. 4.(월) 오후 5시
장   소: 신양인문관 309호(4-309)
제   목: Second language speech processing in realistic environments: An electrophysiological investigation
초   록: 첨부파일 참고

2017년 해외저명학자 특강(Elizabeth Hume)

2017년 해외저명학자 초청

발표자: Elizabeth Hume (Canterbury Univ.)
일   시: 2017. 7. 5.(수) 오후 4시
장   소: 신양인문관 309호(4-309)
제   목: Word Predictability Effects: Implications for Phonology
초   록: Word predictability has been shown to condition a broad range of phonological processes including segment deletion, reduction, epenthesis, nasal place assimilation and liaison. In English, for example, a word-final coronal nasal is more likely to undergo place assimilation if the word it occurs in is predictable from the following word (Turnbull et al., in prep). Such evidence has serious implications for phonological theory. One issue relates to the probabilistic nature of the conditioning factor and the fact that predictability is calculated by taking into account words that are related to the target word paradigmatically (e.g. word competitors, minimal pairs) as well as syntagmatically (i.e. the word preceding and/or following the target word). A further issue relates to the observation that one can predict the type of phonological process based on whether word predictability is high or low. One can also predict where in the word the change is likely to occur. These predictions do not, to my knowledge, follow from traditional approaches to phonology. However, drawing on Hall, Hume, Jaeger & Wedel (2016), I outline a new approach which not only predicts these patterns, but is also grounded in well-established principles about how communication systems work (Shannon 1948).

2017년 제4차 언어학 콜로퀴엄(윤지원)

2017년 제4차 언어학 콜로퀴엄

발표자: 윤지원(Stony Brook University)
일    시: 2017. 6. 12.(월) 오후 5시
장    소: 신양인문관 국제회의실(4-302)
제    목: Illusion of grammaticality in NPI processing
초    록: A growing number of studies report illusive licensing effects of negative polarity items (NPIs) in online processing, which provides important insights on the linguistic properties of NPIs as well as the human language processing mechanisms. However, most of the previous studies have been limited to certain languages (i.e., English and German). Moreover, the potential influence of prosody on NPI illusions has not yet been investigated. This study explores the case of Korean to see whether it exhibits NPI licensing illusions, and if so, whether the licensing pattern can be affected by prosody. The experimental results suggest the following: (i) Illusive licensing of NPIs does occur in Korean. (ii) The effect can manifest even in offline judgments. (iii) Adding prosodic information can help avoid NPI licensing illusions.

2017년 제1차 언어학 콜로퀴엄(Jeffrey Holliday)

2017년 제1차 언어학 콜로퀴엄

발표자: Jeffrey Holliday(고려대학교)
일    시: 2017. 4. 3.(월) 오후 5시
장    소: 신양인문관 국제회의실(4-302)
제    목: Phonetic and phonological considerations in the acquisition of Korean stops by native speakers of Mandarin
초    록: Over the past 40 years we have seen countless studies examining the second language (L2) acquisition of stop contrasts cued primarily by VOT. While these studies have been indispensible in developing models of L2 speech production and perception, it is not obvious how these models can be extended to predict the L2 acquisition of three-way stop contrasts, such as in Korean. In this talk, I will discuss some phonetic and phonological issues that complicate the L2 acquisition of Korean stops. I will then present some data from L1 Chinese speakers showing how the current models of L2 speech production and perception can be extended to account for this particular learning scenario.

2017년 제 1차 언어학 콜로퀴엄(Jeffrey Holliday)

2017년도 제 1차 언어학 콜로퀴엄

- 발표자: Jeffrey Holliday(고려대학교)
– 일시: 2017년 4월 3일(월요일) 오후 4시
– 장소: 신양인문관 국제회의실(4동 302호)
– 제목: Phonetic and phonological considerations in the acquisition of Korean stops by native speakers of Mandarin
– 초록: Over the past 40 years we have seen countless studies examining the second language (L2) acquisition of stop contrasts cued primarily by VOT. While these studies have been indispensible in developing models of L2 speech production and perception, it is not obvious how these models can be extended to predict the L2 acquisition of three-way stop contrasts, such as in Korean. In this talk, I will discuss some phonetic and phonological issues that complicate the L2 acquisition of Korean stops. I will then present some data from L1 Chinese speakers showing how the current models of L2 speech production and perception can be extended to account for this particular learning scenario.

2016년 제 10차 언어학 콜로퀴엄(Adam Albright)

2016년도 제 10차 언어학 콜로퀴엄

발표자: Adam Albright (MIT)

일 시: 2016년 11월 25일(금요일) 오후 4시30분

장 소: 관정도서관 3층 양두석홀

제 목: Learning biases in the lab and in the mind

초 록: A central goal of modern linguistic theory is to explain typology: why do some patterns recur frequently, while others are rare or unattested? Within generative linguistics, a common strategy has been to posit that unattested patterns correspond to `impossible’ grammars. However, attested but rare patterns pose a challenge: clearly, grammars that derive them must be possible, so what accounts for their low frequency? One common response is to hypothesize that some grammatical preferences are biases, rather than absolute restrictions (Wilson, Moreton, Hayes, White, Do, Green, and others). However, it is also likely that many patterns are rare for learnability or diachronic reasons (Blevins 2004, Stanton 2016), or other non-grammatical reasons such as colonialization and language contact. In order to test the hypothesis that there are universal biases, we need additional, converging evidence that these restrictions are `synchronically active’, for example, by studying how language is learned. If we can show using controlled comparisons that some phonological patterns are learned more slowly, less accurately, or using different mechanisms than others, then we would have evidence that humans are indeed biased towards certain patterns over others.

In this talk, I discuss a series of Artificial Grammar experiments, carried out in collaboration with Youngah Do (Hong Kong University), designed to test several different phonological preferences. The first concerns a bias against phonological alternations: when presented with phonological alternations that apply 100% of the time, participants frequently nonetheless prefer forms that obey paradigm uniformity. By varying the amount of data that participants receive, we can show that this is an untrained preference; learners bring to the task a prior assumption that paradigms will be uniform. A second type of preference is a generality bias: by training participants on alternations involving some segments and withholding data about others, or by giving participants conflicting data about different segments, we can show that learners nonetheless assume that processes target broad classes of phonologically similar segments. Computational modeling confirms that a model that incorporates paradigm uniformity and generality preferences provides the best match to participants’ preferences.

The final type of preference is a substantive preference for certain phonological processes over others. By presenting participants with two phonological alternations simultaneously, it is possible to compare how quickly or accurately they are learned. The results show that participants prefer certain alternations, such as final devoicing of voiced stops and intervocalic voicing of voiceless stops, over others, such as final nasalization of voiced obstruents and intervocalic spirantization of voiceless stops. These preferences mirror observed typological asymmetries: final devoicing of obstruents is well attested, but there are few languages with final nasalization. At the same time, there are interesting discrepancies between the preferences we observe in the lab and the typological data: in fact, intervocalic spirantization is well attested typologically. I discuss possible sources of these discrepancies, and ways that further experiments may help to shed light on the nature of substantive biases.